When did the hunter-gatherers of northwest Europe become farmers? Most archaeological evidence points to a transition around 6000 years ago (for Britain). However, new research published in Science shows that wheat was in the UK at 8000 years ago. The most likely explanation for this 2000 year time discrepancy? Trade. Whilst it has long been known that the transition from the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers to the Neolithic farmers was gradual, this new research demonstrates that these two cultures interacted and traded with one another.